The H-1B visa program allows employers to hire skilled foreign labor in the United States. While the effects of this program are documented, there is little research that illustrates what driving factors influence domestic companies to utilize the H-1B visa program.
Research utilizing LinkUp’s job listing data, collected directly from company websites, conducted by Columbia University scholar Guillermo Carranza Jordan found that yearly job vacancy duration has a significant effect on H-1B demand, with a 10-day increase in vacancy duration associated with a 2% to 5% increase in demand for H-1B visas. These insights indicate a positive relationship between difficulty encountered by U.S. companies attempting to fill job openings in the domestic market and increases in H-1B visa demand.
Jordan, G. C. (2018). Vacancy Duration and Demand for H-1B Labor in the United States [Senior Thesis, Columbia University].