February Jobs Recap: LinkUp data shows signs of cooling labor market
While federal reports have been optimistic, LinkUp data shows the labor market may be cooling as new job listings plummeted 11.2%
Following January’s slight increase (just 0.6%) in active job listings, February marked a return to downward trends observed throughout the latter part of 2022 as active listings, indexed directly from company websites, declined 5.1% through the second month of 2023.
While federal reports have been optimistic, LinkUp data shows the labor market may be cooling as new job listings plummeted 11.2% – a significant shift from January’s 8.0% increase in new listings – suggesting many private employers may be putting their talent searches on hold.
Even so, removed job listings declined just slightly (0.8%) which could signal that some employers are still adamant about filling what open positions they may have, and helping to keep labor demand far above peak pandemic levels.
The LinkUp 10,000 is an analytic published daily and monthly that captures the total U.S. job openings from 10,000 global employers in LinkUp’s jobs dataset with the most U.S. job openings.
In step with observed U.S. labor market activity, the LinkUp 10,000 – tracking U.S. job vacancies for the 10,000 global employers with the most openings in the U.S. – fell 5.2% in February after rising just 1.0% through January.
Closed duration, or the average number of days job listings are posted on company websites before they are removed, tracks hiring velocity across the entire U.S. economy. As the average number of days a job listing remains live increases, hiring velocity slows.
Additionally, listings removed in February remained open for an average of 47 days – 4.1% shorter than the 49-day average of listings removed in January. This increase in hiring velocity follows a brief slowdown observed in January, where removed listings were open 8.7% longer than in December 2022.
JOBS DATA BY STATE
Nearly all states experienced declining labor demand throughout February. The states experiencing the largest decreases in job listings include South Dakota (-13.2%), Montana (-9.9%), Wyoming (-9.8%), California (-8.2%), and Nebraska (-7.5%).
Mississippi experienced a decline in listings of just -0.1%, while Alabama (0.5%) and Maryland (1.8%) were the only states to experience any growth in labor demand.
JOBS DATA BY INDUSTRY (NAICS)
87% of all industries experienced decreasing labor demand in February, with Transportation and Warehousing (Truck, Rail, Air) (-13.3%), Information (-10.7%), Manufacturing (Food, Bev, Clothing) (-8.6%), Retail Trade (Vehicle, Electronics, Gas, Clothing, Healthcare, Food and Beverage) (-8.2%), and Wholesale Trade (-8.1%) taking the lead.
Construction (1.1%) and Real Estate and Rental and Leasing (4.7%) were the only industries to experience an increase in job listings.
JOBS DATA BY OCCUPATION (O*NET)
Following U.S. macro-level labor trends, 95% of occupations experienced downturns in labor demand. Similar to industry trends, the Construction and Extraction occupational category was the only one to see any growth, with just a 0.5% increase in listings through February.
S&P 500 LINKUP JOBS INDEX
The S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Index is designed to measure open jobs posted by the companies in the S&P 500 and is published on the S&P website. It can be viewed in aggregate or by sector.
In the S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Index, listings were down just 0.9% month-over-month overall and showing declines across three-quarters of all sectors. Real Estate (3.4%), Consumer Discretionary (0.8%), and Energy (0.1%) were the only sectors showing growth through February.
Communication Services experienced the largest decline in labor demand through February, decreasing 6.7%, followed by the Health Care sector (-3.3%).
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